In Martinique, the institutions that are most commonly used to provide care for aging individuals are the nursing home and the foster care family. In 2018, there were approximately 92,000 people over the age of 60e,34 8 home nursing services (SSIAD, ie, Services de Soins Infirmiers), 30 nursing homes and 65 foster care families in Martinique.35

In this qualitative study, we sought to study the experiences and explore the personal themes and needs expressed by the older individuals in order to improve the quality of care and health provided to them as a response to their loss of autonomy. Qualitative studies are useful in that they provide new knowledge that is complementary to quantitative health care data. Qualitative studies also help us to identify potentially modifiable factors to improve the autonomy of older people.

We used one-on-one semi-structured interviews to elicit older peoples’ perceptions36 about three different types of changes of living environment they experienced because of their loss of autonomy: (1) remaining at home with professional support services; (2) living in a foster care family; (3) living in a nursing home. In our study, these 3 groups were considered to have a loss of autonomy.

We followed the COREQ checklist (COnsolidated criteria for Reporting Qualitative research) for reporting our results (Appendix. 1). 3,37 3 The study was reported using these 32-item checklist (Table 1).

Study Reported Using COREQ Criteria

Note: Developed from Tong A, Sainsbury P, Craig J. Consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research (COREQ): a 32-item checklist for interviews and focus groups. Int J Qual Health Care. 2007;19(6):349–357, by permission of Oxford University Press.37 Appendix. 1.

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