The main human diseases of the two districts are malaria, tuberculosis, lung diseases, intestinal parasites, diarrheal diseases, gastritis and duodenitis, eye diseases, skin wounds (infections), and epilepsy. The transmission of malaria increases between September and November, which are the major transmission seasons [9]. The seasons are associated with the amount of rainfall and relative humidity. The average monthly rainfall for malaria transmission was recorded to be 86.6-316.3 mm, and that of average monthly relative humidity was 50-78%. The other major disease type is tuberculosis whose consequences are serious and potentially weakens patients and their families. Like brucellosis, it can be transmitted by drinking infected milk [16]. In connection to this, a poor road network and the absence of public transport services are the other major problems that exacerbate the situation of patients that need referral services. There is also a lack of multiple health services such as delivery, injection, essential drugs, and consumable commodities [14].

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