For 24-hour blood pressure measurement, patients were monitored with a Mobil-O-Graph NG® (IEM; Stolberg, Germany) device. The device was adjusted to perform a 24-hour measurement, once every 15 minutes during the day and once every 30 minutes at night. The next day, at the same time, patient returned the devices. The non-dominant arm was used for measurement, and day and night measurements were adjusted according to the patients’ sleeping and waking hours. Patients were instructed to continue their usual activities and to avoid exhausting exercise. Blood tests were obtained from patients before treatment was administered. Among patients who were hospitalized in the pulmonary diseases service, the questionnaire was applied on the same day. The 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (24-h ABPM) measuring device was applied in similar conditions for outpatients.

The results of 24-h ABPM measurement were examined, and, if nighttime average values of systolic and diastolic blood pressures were decreased by 10% or more with respect to day-time average values, this was considered as dipper blood pressure2. When the decrease in blood pressure was less than 10%, it was considered as non-dipper blood pressure pattern.2CRP blood tests were carried out in a Architect C16000 autoanalyzer (Abbott Diag., USA), and the hemogram was analysed in a Mindray BC-6800 whole blood device (Mindray, China).

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