In order to examine sociodemographic data, education level was categorized into two groups (middle school or lower and high school or higher). Income level was categorized into three groups (≥ 1500 Turkish Liras (TL), 1501 to 3499 TL, and ≤ 3500 TL). Body mass index values were divided into three categories (normal [≤ 24.99 kg/m2], overweight [25 to 29.99 kg/m2], and obese [≥ 30 kg/m2]). Marital status was divided into two groups (single and married). Alcohol intake was also divided into two groups (yes and no). Places where patients were included in the study were divided into two groups (inpatient service and outpatient clinic), and COPD history in their families was categorized into two groups (yes and no). Patients diagnosed with hypertension by a physician and receiving prescription medication were considered as having hypertension. Patients who smoked regularly, at least once a day, were considered as active smokers. Regarding continuous variables, patients were asked to respond to questions such as age, number of people living at home, years of smoking and package numbers, number of admissions to the emergency unit due to COPD during the last year, and number of hospital admissions for COPD.

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