Experiments were performed in replicates and repeated at least twice to ensure reproducibility. Data were entered into an Excel spreadsheet (Microsoft, Redmond, WA, USA) to determine the mean and standard deviation. For further analyses, all data were transferred to R version 3.6.3 (R foundation for statistical computing; Vienna, Austria) software. Unless otherwise stated, Student’s t-test analysis was used to determine the statistical significance among the different conditions tested. A p-value of less than 0.05 was considered significant.

Note: The content above has been extracted from a research article, so it may not display correctly.

Please log in to submit your questions online.
Your question will be posted on the Bio-101 website. We will send your questions to the authors of this protocol and Bio-protocol community members who are experienced with this method. you will be informed using the email address associated with your Bio-protocol account.

We use cookies on this site to enhance your user experience. By using our website, you are agreeing to allow the storage of cookies on your computer.