Taurine (chemical structure, C2H7NO3S or NH2CH2CH2SO3H) was purchased from AppliChem ITW Companies (Taurine BioChemica, A1140,1000, Lot 3M004589). The purity was >99% and the molecular weight was 125.15 g/mol. BAT (chemical structure, C7H7BrNNaO2S x 2H2O or [CH3-C6H4-SO2-N-Br]-Na+ x 2H2O) was kindly provided by the laboratories of Professor Dr Waldemar Gottardi and Professor Dr Markus Nagl at the Institute of Hygiene and Medical Microbiology of the Medical University of Innsbruck (Bromamine T, Lot no 29/06/2016). BAT (N-bromo-4-toluenesulfonamide sodium salt, BAT x 2H2O) was prepared by the reaction of chloramine T with elemental bromine according to the method of Nair et al (39). The specifications were a potency of 95.8%, a bromine content of 24.83% and an effective molecular weight of 322.02 g/mol. As a result, Nair et al (39) demonstrated the synthesis of BAT and Walczewska et al (38) demonstrated that BAT was a stable active bromine compound.

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