Data were collected by 14 trained interviewers (statistician, social scientists, and a child psychologist) using a pre-tested electronic semi-structured questionnaire which was pre-programmed using SurveyCTO on android mobile tablets. The tablets were programmed with internal checks to ensure completeness and logical entries, and consistency of the responses. The identification of the congregation venues/locations and access to street children and youth was made possible with the help of the local urban leaders, service provider NGOs and/or street children landlords/caregivers, referred to as ‘Street uncles’. The ‘Street uncles’ served as local guides and icons of security during the interviewing process. ‘Street uncles’ is a jargon commonly used by the street children and youth to denote an adult who provides shelter, supervises and monitors street children and youth’s activities and to whom the latter must pay allegiance.

To allow full participation, most interviews took place between 09:00 hours and 14:00 hours before the street children and youth were engaged in their street-based activities. Interviews were conducted in the commonly spoken local languages (Luganda and Ngakarimajong), which ensured a response rate of 100% among the study participants approached. For qualitative interviews, age and participant appropriate topic guides composed of open and closed ended questions were applied. Data from the five (5) key informants (officials from the KCCA and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) and 10 in-depth interviews (6 migrant street youth and 4 caregivers of street children) were collected by the Principal Investigator (PI) and two experienced qualitative research experts in both English and local languages, Luganda and Ngakarimajong, which are commonly spoken by the street children and youth.

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