Text is a specific arrangement of characters in a one-dimensional array that carries meaning. Random rearrangement of the characters across the text significantly reduces its meaning; hence, the ordering of the characters is important to the meaning. In other words, the meaning shows regularity in a text, which may manifest itself in a pattern of occurrence of each character in the text array. If we consider the text array as a one-dimensional space, the spatial pattern of occurrence of any character will form a fractal set or simply a fractal. We can assign a fractal dimension to any character in a given text using the practical method of box counting using software, such as the box count routine in MatLab (Mathworks) or Fractal Analysis System by Hiroyuki Sasaki at National Agriculture and Food Research Organization. Using this method, the obtained fractal dimension of random walk was between 1 and 2. IBM SPSS Statistics Base (version 26) was used for statistical analysis (one-way ANOVA).

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