Table 2 gives an overview over the expected annual genetic gains in the breeding and the passive populations, as well as the long-term genetic and time lags between the sub-populations.

Annual genetic gain in the breeding population (ΔBt) and passive population (ΔPt) as well as genetic lag (Dt) and time lag (T) between sub-populations in honeybees

Results are given depending on the probability p of a sire drone in an uncontrolled mating to come from the breeding population, the probability q of a queen from the passive population to have a dam from the breeding population, and maternal and paternal genetic selection differentials for reproducing colonies, S1 and S2

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