Absence of or inability to give informed consent

Pre-existing infection at block site

Severe coagulopathy

Allergy to local anaesthesia (or any other contraindication to block performance, e.g. concern re local anaesthesia toxicity)

Previous history of opiate abuse

Pre-existing chronic pain condition

Pre-existing dementia (due to the need to co-operate in completing QoR-15 score day after surgery)

Surgery involving cervical vertebrae

Surgery due to queried or confirmed malignancy

Surgery involving 5 or more vertebral levels

Postoperative admission to ICU for continued ventilation

Note: The content above has been extracted from a research article, so it may not display correctly.



Q&A
Please log in to submit your questions online.
Your question will be posted on the Bio-101 website. We will send your questions to the authors of this protocol and Bio-protocol community members who are experienced with this method. you will be informed using the email address associated with your Bio-protocol account.



We use cookies on this site to enhance your user experience. By using our website, you are agreeing to allow the storage of cookies on your computer.