Descriptive statistics were performed using Microsoft Excel software [42]. Ordinal data and data with lack of normal distribution were presented based on median and range, nominal data based on percentages.

The number of clients recruited, and the retention rate were presented in a flowchart. The frequency of the implemented components and the median number of minutes used at each session were presented in a histogram. For each type of session, VAS ratings on aspects related to, e.g., confidence, involvement, meaningfulness, progress toward goal attainment, and satisfaction, were presented using medians and ranges.

Answers to questions concerning (a) deviations from the intervention manual, (b) conditions facilitating and/or hindering the delivery of the sessions, (c) potential positive and/or negative side effects, (d) sufficiency of the intervention dose as registered by the OTs, (e) potential positive and/or negative side effects, and (f) sufficiency of the intervention dose as perceived by the clients were summarized and supported by quotes. When relevant, the number of comments on an issue was presented.

In accordance with the AMPS manual, proportions of clients with no change (< 0.3 logits), a clinically relevant increase (≥ 0.3 logits) or decrease (≥ − 0.3 logits) in AMPS ADL ability measures were identified [32]. Proportions of clients with no change (change < 0.5 SD) or a clinically relevant change (≥ 0.5 SD) on the ADL-I ability measures were identified [43] based on baseline sample SD. Baseline data (demographic, general health, and observation-based ADL ability; AMPS) of responders (i.e., clients achieving a clinically relevant increase in ADL ability) and non-responders, respectively, were explored in descriptive analyses. Finally, proportions of goals being rated in each of the five goal attainment levels were also identified. All proportions were presented in histograms.

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