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The survey questions were developed from literature and existing survey [26, 48].

All data were collected by a research assistant, who read the questions to the participant over the telephone. Both the survey questions and data collector technique were pilot-tested (Table (Table1)1) with 40 randomly selected dwellings. Minor question and data collector script changes were made to increase validity by addressing inadequate responses and changing confusing wording. The survey consisted of a standardised introduction, demographic and core general health questions, seven closed-ended (Likert scale) questions specifically elicited information about willingness to see NP (Table (Table1)1) and two open-ended questions. Subsequent to participant consent to participate, the data collector asked if the person had heard of an NP, then they read out a description of the role of the NP (as outlined in Table Table1)1) prior to proceeding. This description of the NP served to ensure all participants had same understanding of the role of the NP. During data collection, 10% of the data collectors were monitored for consistency.

Closed-ended survey questions about NP attitudes

Demographic variables included age, education, locality and sex. Multiple general health variables were also included; the number of days in the last month that health interfered with daily activities, days in poor physical health, days in poor mental health, and days in which sleep was inadequate. Health status responses were nominally coded; 0 days (0), 1–10 days (1), 11–20 days (2), and 21–30 days (3). Also included as predictors were general health ratings; poor (0), fair (1), good (2), and whether the individual was suffering from a chronic condition. The response variables that were not intrinsically binary were transformed as necessary for data analysis.

The interviewer also asked two open-ended questions “Could you briefly describe a situation and why you would /would not consider using a nurse practitioner?” Given the volume of the public responses to this qualitative component of the study, the findings are presented elsewhere [50]. This paper reports the quantitative responses from the survey.

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