The Medical Outcome Trust 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) is used to evaluate health-related QOL in general. Items contribute toward assessment of eight components: physical functioning (PF), role physical (RP), bodily pain (BP), general health (GH), vitality (VT), social functioning (SF), role emotional (RE), and mental health (MH). The Japanese version of the SF-36 has been validated and was used in the present study [26].

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