Patient Assessment of Constipation Quality of Life (PAC-QOL) is used to measure the QOL in patients with constipation [22]. The PAC-QOL consists of 28 items grouped into four subscales (physical discomfort, psychosocial discomfort, worries and concerns, and satisfaction). The first three subscales provide a patient dissatisfaction index, with an overall score from 0 to 96 (lower scores correspond to better QOL). The satisfaction subscale includes four items with a global score from 0 to 16. Each patient’s self-reported definitive outcome is defined as poor (0–4), fairly good (5–8), good (9–12), or excellent (13–16). The Japanese version of the PAC-QOL (JPAC-QOL) has been validated and was used in the present study [23].

Note: The content above has been extracted from a research article, so it may not display correctly.



Q&A
Please log in to submit your questions online.
Your question will be posted on the Bio-101 website. We will send your questions to the authors of this protocol and Bio-protocol community members who are experienced with this method. you will be informed using the email address associated with your Bio-protocol account.



We use cookies on this site to enhance your user experience. By using our website, you are agreeing to allow the storage of cookies on your computer.