This study was carried out in three rural urogenital schistosomiasis endemic localities of Ikata, Bafia and Mile 14-Lykoko in the Muyuka Health District, Cameroon. A detailed description of the study sites has been reported previously [25]. While there is potable water and streams in Bafia and Ikata, Likoko Native has no potable water. The villages have an integrated health centre (IHC) each except for Likoko. In addition to the IHC, Bafia has another health centre belonging to the Cameroon Baptist Convention. Previous studies in the area [26] revealed the presence of S. haematobium infections in school children along this path as well as the presence of the intermediate host. In the Mount Cameroon area, human malaria is meso-endemic during the dry season but becomes hyper-endemic in the rainy season, with incidence peaking in July–October [27].

This study was conducted among primary school-aged children 4–14 years of both sexes whose parents consented to their participation in the study. Participation was voluntary and only children who had resided for at least three months in the study area took part in the study.

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