The following patients’ subjective symptoms were collected from their medical records: orofacial pain, TMJ sounds, and abnormal mandibular movement. Orofacial pain was considered present if the patient self-reported orofacial pain, and TMJ sounds were considered present if a click or crepitus was reported. Abnormal mandibular movement was considered present if the patient reported limited mouth opening (less than 36 mm), or closed, lateral, or protrusive movement parafunction. The duration between the initial occurrence of symptoms and the diagnosis was recorded. For patients who exhibited more than one symptom, the duration was determined according to the symptom with the longest duration. The objective symptoms were collected from the patients’ medical records, which were examined by the same experienced specialists.

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