Demographic data included age, gender, and presence or previous history of the following cardiovascular risk factors: smoking, alcohol consumption, arterial hypertension, atrial fibrillation, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes mellitus type II, coagulation disorder, transient ischemic attack, ischemic stroke, and/or intracranial hemorrhage. Clinical assessment comprised the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) on admission and follow-up (5–9 days poststroke, or if this data point was not available 22 to 36 h poststroke, considered short-term outcome in our analysis) as well as good long-term outcome defined as modified Rankin Scale (mRS) <2 at 90 days poststroke.

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