To assess changes in feelings and mood over time, participants completed a brief questionnaire at three-time points: immediately before viewing the concert (“pre-concert”), during intermission (“mid-concert”), and immediately after the concert (“post-concert”). For each question, participants were shown the question text and a visual slider bar with three text anchors. Slider bar ratings ranged from 0 to 100, although participants did not see these numerical values when making their ratings. Questions and anchors were as follows: “In general, what are your feelings towards the United States Military?” (“Very negative,” “Neutral,” “Very positive”); “How likely are you to attend a concert by a United States Military Band in the future?” (“Not at all likely,” “Somewhat likely,” “Very likely”); “In general, what are your feelings about attending live concerts?” (“Very negative,” “Neutral,” “Very positive”); “How likely are you to attend a concert by the Missouri S&T Band in the future?” (“Not at all likely,” “Somewhat likely,” “Very likely”). In addition to these questions, participants also completed the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) at each time point, as a measure of current affect (Watson et al., 1988).

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