Sociodemographic Characteristics

A range of sociodemographic information was collected. Each participant was asked about the place of residence, asking to report where he/she lived when completing the survey. This information was further recoded into three categories (1 = north, 2 = center, 3 = south and islands). The level of education was assessed by asking, “Which is the highest level of education completed?” (0 = no formal education, 1 = elementary school, 2 = middle school, 3 = high school, 4 = university degree, 5 = Ph.D. or similar). A set of data was downloaded from the Prolific website: age, employment status, country of birth, student status, socioeconomic status, sex, nationality, current country of residence, and first language. Go to for the exact wording of each question. In particular, subjective socioeconomic status (SES) was measured by the MacArthur Scale of Subjective Social Status (Adler et al., 2008), which asks respondents to choose a number from 1 to 10 representing where they stand in society, with 1 representing the bottom (those who are worst off) and 10 representing the top (those who are best off).

Note: The content above has been extracted from a research article, so it may not display correctly.

Please log in to submit your questions online.
Your question will be posted on the Bio-101 website. We will send your questions to the authors of this protocol and Bio-protocol community members who are experienced with this method. you will be informed using the email address associated with your Bio-protocol account.

We use cookies on this site to enhance your user experience. By using our website, you are agreeing to allow the storage of cookies on your computer.