Perceived health was assessed with an index combined of two scales. One scale came from the Longitudinal Analysis of Nurses Education/Entry in work life (LANE) project (Gustavsson and Hultell, 2013). That scale consisted of three items [“How well are you,” “How stressed do you feel” (reversed), and “I feel as if I am too tired to go to work in the morning” (reversed)]. It was combined with three items from the Shirom Melamed (Shirom and Melamed, 2006) burnout questionnaire (“I feel tired,” “I feel fed up,” and “I feel physically drained”). Reversing the items means that higher values indicate better perceived health, and lower values the opposite. The items were rated on a five-point Likert scale (1, to a very small; 5, to a very large extent). In the present sample, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) confirmed a unidimensional structure, and the scale showed high internal reliability (α = 0,87, Ranung and Wramsby, 2016).

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