The long-term outcomes included all-cause mortality, CVD mortality, infection-related mortality and technical failure. CVD mortality was defined as mortality caused by CVD events and sudden death. Infection-related mortality was defined as mortality caused by peritonitis or other infections. Death-censored technical failure was defined as a switch to HD for more than 90 days due to any cause, including inadequate dialysis, ultrafiltration failure, intractable peritonitis, exit-site and/or tunnel infection, catheter malfunction, mechanical problems such as hernia or abdominal operation, etc. and it was censored for death, spontaneous recovery of renal function, move to another center, kidney transplantation, and/or ‘still on PD’ until 31 December 2019 [18].

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