Intervention of PDNS will be implemented on the basis of the guideline of “Nursing care in PD”, which was issued in 2015. This involves the following:

Evaluation of the individual nursing needs of PD patients and the patients’ caregivers: At the beginning of this research, PDNS conducts the specific nursing evaluations associated with the social, psychological, physical, and medical fields.

Develop a treatment plan centered on patients to support the self-management of patients and their caregivers: PDNS forms a multidisciplinary program on the basis of the individual evaluation results and in accordance with the priorities of patients and caregivers.

The specific nursing intervention: the intervention measures are different in disease stages, and the specific requirements and the problems of the individual patients and the patients’ caregivers are adjusted. The guideline of “Nursing care in PD” describes the specific measures and general measures for the interventions of nursing. The general measures of interventions involve providing relevant education and information, the treatment and monitoring of disease. While the specific nursing interventions contain the psychological function, urogenital function, sexual behavior, sleep, fatigue, orthostatic hypotension, the medication compliance, the burden of caregiver, self-management, mobility, coping, and the dietary problems.

The collaboration with other professionals of health care. PDNS encourages and supports the multidisciplinary collaboration among the professionals of health care on the basis of the individual treatment program. The PDNS also possesses a significant effect in referral to some other health professionals in time. While the control group patients are given conventional nursing care.

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