Exposure to male partner’s violence was measured by the short form Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS 2) (Garcia-Moreno et al. 2006; Straus et al. 1996). This scale includes six behaviorally specific questions regarding exposure to physical violence, such as “Has your current partner/husband slapped you, or thrown something at you that could hurt you?”, and three questions related to exposure to sexual violence, such as: “Were you ever physically forced to have sexual intercourse when you did not want to?”. Women were asked about these experiences in their lifetime, and during the last 12 months. In this analysis, we used just the data on violence that occurred during the last 12 months. This scale showed very good psychometric and internal consistency measures in a representative, general population sample of women (Cronbach alpha value of 0.81), as validated in Serbia in a study conducted as part of the WHO multi-country study on women’s health and domestic violence (Djikanovic et al. 2010). In the current study, this scale also performed very well, with a Cronbach alpha value of 0.72.

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