Anamnestic data were obtained using a standard questionnaire. The anamnesis focused on self-reported age, gender, sedentary behavior, alcohol use and smoking habits, history of diabetes mellitus, and current medication use to treat chronic diseases, especially antihypertensive drugs, anti-diabetic treatments, statins, antiplatelet agents, hypouricemics, oral contraceptives, and hormone replacement therapy. Participants were also asked to report their histories of cardiovascular events, including stroke, ischemic heart disease, heart failure, chronic kidney disease, and cardiovascular surgery.

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