Anamnestic data were obtained using a standard questionnaire. The anamnesis focused on self-reported age, gender, sedentary behavior, alcohol use and smoking habits, history of diabetes mellitus, and current medication use to treat chronic diseases, especially antihypertensive drugs, anti-diabetic treatments, statins, antiplatelet agents, hypouricemics, oral contraceptives, and hormone replacement therapy. Participants were also asked to report their histories of cardiovascular events, including stroke, ischemic heart disease, heart failure, chronic kidney disease, and cardiovascular surgery.

Note: The content above has been extracted from a research article, so it may not display correctly.



Q&A
Please log in to submit your questions online.
Your question will be posted on the Bio-101 website. We will send your questions to the authors of this protocol and Bio-protocol community members who are experienced with this method. you will be informed using the email address associated with your Bio-protocol account.



We use cookies on this site to enhance your user experience. By using our website, you are agreeing to allow the storage of cookies on your computer.