First, socio-demographic data and items related to COVID-19 lockdown were included (i.e., age, sex, city, country, socio-economic status, level of studies completed, professional group, being in charge of older and children), employment situation previous and subsequent to COVID-19 lockdown, information related to COVID-19 lockdown (i.e., number of days in confinement, number of people living with and health status (i.e., historical psychological and physical illnesses).

In order to create the initial pool of items related to self-care, authors reviewed the literature for existing scales attempting to assess self-care. Based on the Seven Pillars of Self-Care framework [3], its self-care activities dimensions were operationalized. Nevertheless, some of the framework’s activities were merged in one unique dimension as well as, others important self-care activities were newly included to complete this model. After this conceptual process, two authors: EB (nurse specialized in the theoretical field of self-care, and EL (psychologist specialist in the operationalization of psychological constructs) developed 17 items each, resulting in 34 items covering these activities. As result, 9 self-care activities dimensions: 1. Health Consciousness (6 items); 2. Intrapersonal Skills (2 items); 3. Social Support (3 items); 4. Physical Activity and Healthy Eating (4 items); 5. Sleep quality (2 items); 6. Spare Time activities (3 items); 7. Hygiene (2 items); 8. Information Attitude Consumption (4 items), and 9. Substance Abuse (8 items). It is worthy to mention that items from the health consciousness dimension were translated and adapted from the Health Consciousness Scale (HCS) [15] available in English language.

From the initial 34 items, we removed those with binary responses, lasting a total of 24 items which were organized by dimensions and coded in Likert scale ranging from 1 = Never to 6 = Always depending on each self-care activity frequency. The instrument was then uploaded on an online platform to be self-administrated.

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