The software package SPSS 11 (Chicago, IL, USA) was used for all data management and analyses. The descriptive data of continuous variables and the numbers (%) of categorical variables are presented as the mean ± standard deviation (mean ± SD). Multiple groups were compared with one-way analysis of variance. The χ2 test with Yates correction was used to compare categorical variables between the two groups. Correlations were evaluated with the Spearman rank test, and P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

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