Analyses were conducted using GraphPad Prism (version 8.4.3) and SPSS Statistics (version 26.0). Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the data and report medians and IQRs as appropriate. Outcomes of interest were proportion SARS-CoV-2 tested, SARS-CoV-2 positivity, hospitalization, ICU admission, mechanical ventilation, and death. Patient characteristics were assessed using Fisher’s exact, Mann-Whitney U, and χ2 tests. Unadjusted and adjusted ORs were estimated using Fisher’s exact tests and multivariate or penalized likelihood logistic regression, respectively. Mortality rate differences were compared using log rank HR and multivariate Cox’s proportional hazard analysis. All patients were right censored after July 14, 2020. Multivariate comparisons incorporated characteristics deemed important for COVID-19 and those demonstrating a P value less than 0.2 in univariate analyses. Tests were 2 sided, with a P value less than 0.05 considered statistically significant.

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