All data were statistically analyzed by repeated measures ANOVA followed by Dunnett's post-hoc test using GraphPad Prism 7.0 (GraphPad Software, La Jolla, CA, USA) and are presented as mean ± standard deviation (SD). Differences were considered significant if two-sided p-values were less than 0.05. In addition, fold change was given to indicate the relative expression levels of cytokines. The sample size was calculated based on the protein data for the antibody array altered in SCI and OEC-treated groups from the pilot study using Empower Stats software with two-tailed tests.

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