Results are expressed as mean ± SEM. All data were examined for normality using the Shapiro-Wilk test and for equal variances using an F test. Mann-Whitney U tests and Welch’s corrections, respectively, were used where appropriate. Normally distributed two-group data were compared using two-tailed unpaired t tests. Three-group data were compared using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with Tukey’s post hoc comparisons.

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