All data are shown as means ± SEM of at least three independent experiments. No specific randomization or blinding protocols were used. Figures were prepared using Matlab and Prism 5 (GraphPad Software). Different groups were compared using a two-tailed unpaired Student’s t test, a Mann-Whitney U test, or a Kruskal-Wallis test using Prism 5. Differences with a P value of <0.05 were considered statistically significant: *P < 0.05; **P < 0.005; ***P < 0.001.

Note: The content above has been extracted from a research article, so it may not display correctly.



Q&A
Please log in to submit your questions online.
Your question will be posted on the Bio-101 website. We will send your questions to the authors of this protocol and Bio-protocol community members who are experienced with this method. you will be informed using the email address associated with your Bio-protocol account.



We use cookies on this site to enhance your user experience. By using our website, you are agreeing to allow the storage of cookies on your computer.