Human serum, l-glutamine, adenosine, SCH58261, 1-EBIO, and sodium hydroxide were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich. Hepes, RPMI 1640, fetal bovine serum, penicillin, streptomycin, and phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) were obtained from Gibco. Rat tail collagen I was obtained from Corning Inc. CGS21680 hydrochloride and NS309 were purchased from Tocris Bioscience, whereas CXCL12 was obtained from R&D Systems. TRAM-34 was a gift from H. Wulff (Department of Pharmacology, University of California Davis). Stock solutions of SCH58261, CGS21680, TRAM-34, 1-EBIO, and NS309 were prepared in dimethyl sulfoxide and used at 0.1% dilution. Stock solution of CXCL12 was prepared in sterile PBS containing 0.1% bovine serum albumin.

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