We glued three fabricated LCE tubular actuators (embedded with three heating wires) to the acrylic plate. Arduino Mini (3.0 V) was used to control the on/off of the heating mesh, MOSFET (IRLB3034PBF) was used to magnify the signal, and an electrical power source (Dr. Meter PS-305DM) was used to provide the electrical energy.

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