Crop production
MD Matteo Dainese  EM Emily A. Martin MA Marcelo A. Aizen MA Matthias Albrecht IB Ignasi Bartomeus RB Riccardo Bommarco LC Luisa G. Carvalheiro RC Rebecca Chaplin-Kramer VG Vesna Gagic LG Lucas A. Garibaldi JG Jaboury Ghazoul HG Heather Grab MJ Mattias Jonsson DK Daniel S. Karp CK Christina M. Kennedy DK David Kleijn CK Claire Kremen DL Douglas A. Landis DL Deborah K. Letourneau LM Lorenzo Marini KP Katja Poveda RR Romina Rader HS Henrik G. Smith TT Teja Tscharntke GA Georg K. S. Andersson IB Isabelle Badenhausser SB Svenja Baensch AB Antonio Diego M. Bezerra FB Felix J. J. A. Bianchi VB Virginie Boreux VB Vincent Bretagnolle BC Berta Caballero-Lopez PC Pablo Cavigliasso  Aleksandar Ćetković NC Natacha P. Chacoff AC Alice Classen SC Sarah Cusser FS Felipe D. da Silva e Silva GG G. Arjen de Groot JD Jan H. Dudenhöffer JE Johan Ekroos TF Thijs Fijen PF Pierre Franck BF Breno M. Freitas MG Michael P. D. Garratt CG Claudio Gratton JH Juliana Hipólito AH Andrea Holzschuh LH Lauren Hunt AI Aaron L. Iverson SJ Shalene Jha TK Tamar Keasar TK Tania N. Kim MK Miriam Kishinevsky BK Björn K. Klatt AK Alexandra-Maria Klein KK Kristin M. Krewenka SK Smitha Krishnan AL Ashley E. Larsen CL Claire Lavigne HL Heidi Liere BM Bea Maas RM Rachel E. Mallinger EP Eliana Martinez Pachon AM Alejandra Martínez-Salinas TM Timothy D. Meehan MM Matthew G. E. Mitchell GM Gonzalo A. R. Molina MN Maike Nesper LN Lovisa Nilsson MO Megan E. O'Rourke MP Marcell K. Peters MP Milan Plećaš SP Simon G. Potts DR Davi de L. Ramos JR Jay A. Rosenheim MR Maj Rundlöf AR Adrien Rusch AS Agustín Sáez JS Jeroen Scheper MS Matthias Schleuning JS Julia M. Schmack AS Amber R. Sciligo CS Colleen Seymour DS Dara A. Stanley RS Rebecca Stewart JS Jane C. Stout LS Louis Sutter MT Mayura B. Takada HT Hisatomo Taki GT Giovanni Tamburini MT Matthias Tschumi BV Blandina F. Viana CW Catrin Westphal BW Bryony K. Willcox SW Stephen D. Wratten AY Akira Yoshioka CZ Carlos Zaragoza-Trello WZ Wei Zhang YZ Yi Zou IS Ingolf Steffan-Dewenter
This protocol is extracted from research article:
A global synthesis reveals biodiversity-mediated benefits for crop production
Sci Adv, Oct 16, 2019; DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aax0121

Depending on the crop type, marketable crop yield is valued by farmers not only in terms of area-based yield but also in terms of fruit or seed weight [for example, in coffee, sunflower, or strawberry fields; (45, 46)] or seed production per plant [for example, in seed production fields; (36)]. Moreover, area-based yield and within-plant yield are often correlated (35, 36). Thus, we used both area-based yield and within-plant yield as measures of final crop production. Within-plant yield was measured by the total number (or mass) of seeds or fruits per plant or by fruit or seed weight. In addition, in this case, we standardized variables (z scores) to put all the indices on equivalent terms.

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