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Raman spectroscopy was conducted using a 488-nm laser as the incident light, with a spot size of ~1.5 μm. We tuned the polarization direction of the incident light with a half-wave plate. We collected the scattered Raman light with a 50× lens with a numerical aperture of 0.55, and we selected the polarization direction with a polarizer plate. We performed two-dimensional mapping with a step size of 0.5 μm.

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