The pulse-induced mirror DW creation and annihilation were reproduced in a separate UED setup (fig. S2) at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) with a different pulse wavelength and duration. The setup adopts a compact geometry (35). The 1038-nm (1.19-eV), 190-fs output of a Yb:KGW RA laser system (PHAROS SP-10-600-PP, Light Conversion) was focused to a 500 μm × 500 μm (FWHM) area in the sample. The electron beam was generated by focusing the fourth harmonic (260 nm, 4.78 eV) to a gold-coated sapphire in high vacuum (<4 × 10−9 torr). Photoelectrons excited were accelerated to 26 kV in a dc field and focused to an aluminum-coated phosphor screen (P46) by a magnetic lens, with a 270 μm × 270 μm (FWHM) beam spot at the sample position. Diffraction patterns were recorded by a commercial intensified CCD (iCCD PI-MAX II, Princeton Instruments). Data presented in Fig. 1A (inset) and fig. S2 were taken with this setup.

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