Scanning electron microscopy. Films were prepared and, when drying was complete, they were coated with 12-nm platinum (Pt)/palladium (Pd) alloy in a Cressington 208HR sputter coater and subsequently photographed on a Zeiss Supra 40V scanning electron microscope (Zeiss, Jena, Germany).

FTIR spectroscopy. FTIR spectroscopy was conducted on films prepared with and without virus using a Nicolet iS 50 FT-IR Spectrometer (Thermo Fisher Scientific, Waltham, MA). Films were placed under the probe, and scans were conducted in the 4000 to 800 cm−1 region using an ATR (attenuated total reflectance) method with a diamond/ZnSe prism.

Note: The content above has been extracted from a research article, so it may not display correctly.



Q&A
Please log in to submit your questions online.
Your question will be posted on the Bio-101 website. We will send your questions to the authors of this protocol and Bio-protocol community members who are experienced with this method. you will be informed using the email address associated with your Bio-protocol account.



We use cookies on this site to enhance your user experience. By using our website, you are agreeing to allow the storage of cookies on your computer.