Skeletons from 6 of the 11 Isle Royale wolves included in this study were retrieved from storage at Michigan Technological University, photographed, and assessed for morphological anomalies as described previously (7, 8). Skeletons were obtained from carcasses collected post-mortem. The vertebral column and rib variations were evaluated. In some cases, specimens were missing a few vertebrae or ribs; the list of examined wolves is noted in Table 1. A litter of eight newborn pups from F75 was also examined through radiographic analysis.

Note: The content above has been extracted from a research article, so it may not display correctly.



Q&A
Please log in to submit your questions online.
Your question will be posted on the Bio-101 website. We will send your questions to the authors of this protocol and Bio-protocol community members who are experienced with this method. you will be informed using the email address associated with your Bio-protocol account.



We use cookies on this site to enhance your user experience. By using our website, you are agreeing to allow the storage of cookies on your computer.