The electrolyte solution for all the measurements presented consisted of 100 mM Bu4NPF6 (Sigma-Aldrich) in acetonitrile. After the electrolyte preparation, the desired amount of ferrocene (Sigma-Aldrich) was mixed to obtain the concentrations ranging from 1 nM to 100 mM used in our work.

The desired solution was then pipetted onto the fused silica chips containing the MoS2 structures, which sat on an inverted microscope. The liquid was contained by a PDMS ring (~2 mm thick), which sealed onto the wafer. For the measurements with increasing ferrocene concentration, we started with the lowest concentration and increased it by pipetting away the lower concentration and flushing the liquid with the higher concentration solution. If a series of measurements were required, the samples were flushed in acetonitrile several times to remove any adsorbed ferrocene molecules.

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