AP-XPS spectra were obtained at the TEMPO beamline at the SOLEIL synchrotron in France and at the BL13 beamline at the Photon Factory at the High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (PF-KEK) in Japan. The selected photon energies were 1050 to 1200 eV for Ni 2p, 650 eV for O 1s, and 180 eV for Pt 4f, respectively. Detailed descriptions of each beamline facility can be found elsewhere (36, 37).

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