Yttrium (III) chloride hexahydrate (99.99%), erbium (III) chloride hexahydrate (99.9%), gadolinium (III) chloride hexahydrate (99.9%), yttrium (III) oxide (99.999%), gadolinium (III) oxide (99.9%), sodium trifluoroacetate (98%), lithium trifluoroacetate (95%), trifluoroacetic acid (98%), 1-octadecene (90%), and oleic acid (90%) were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich. Sodium hydroxide (98%), lithium hydroxide (98%), and ammonium fluoride (98%) were purchased from Aladdin Co. All chemicals were used as received.

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