Prokaryotes

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    Protocols in Current Issue
    Extraction and Analysis of Bacterial Teichoic Acids
    Authors:  Kelvin Kho and Timothy C. Meredith, date: 11/05/2018, view: 1504, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Teichoic acids (TA) are anionic polymers comprised of polyol phosphate repeat units that are abundant in the cell wall of Gram-positive bacteria. Both wall teichoic acid (WTA) and lipoteichoic acid (LTA) play important roles in regulating cell wall remodeling as well as conferring antibiotic resistance. To analyze TA, we describe a polyacrylamide ...
    Assessing Membrane Fluidity and Visualizing Fluid Membrane Domains in Bacteria Using Fluorescent Membrane Dyes
    Authors:  Michaela Wenzel, Norbert O. E. Vischer, Henrik Strahl and Leendert W. Hamoen, date: 10/20/2018, view: 1665, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Membrane fluidity is a key parameter of bacterial membranes that undergoes quick adaptation in response to environmental challenges and has recently emerged as an important factor in the antibacterial mechanism of membrane-targeting antibiotics. The specific level of membrane fluidity is not uniform across the bacterial cell membrane. Rather, ...
    Conjugation Assay for Testing CRISPR-Cas Anti-plasmid Immunity in Staphylococci
    Authors:  Forrest C. Walker and Asma Hatoum-Aslan, date: 05/05/2017, view: 5600, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] CRISPR-Cas is a prokaryotic adaptive immune system that prevents uptake of mobile genetic elements such as bacteriophages and plasmids. Plasmid transfer between bacteria is of particular clinical concern due to increasing amounts of antibiotic resistant pathogens found in humans as a result of transfer of resistance plasmids within and between ...
    Fluorescent Detection of Intracellular Nitric Oxide in Staphylococcus aureus
    Authors:  April M. Lewis, Silvia S. Matzdorf and Kelly C. Rice, date: 07/20/2016, view: 4909, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Nitric Oxide (NO) is a highly-reactive radical gas that can modify a variety of cellular targets in both eukaryotes and bacteria. NO is produced endogenously by a wide variety of organisms: For example, as a cell-signaling molecule in mammals and bacteria via nitric oxide synthase (NOS) enzymes, and as a product of denitrification. As such, it is ...
    Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) Spectroscopy to Detect Reactive Oxygen Species in Staphylococcus aureus
    [Abstract] Under aerobic conditions, Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) primarily metabolizes glucose to acetic acid. Although normally S. aureus is able to re-utilize acetate as a carbon source following glucose exhaustion, significantly high levels of acetate in the culture media may not only be growth inhibitory but also ...
    Macromolecular Biosynthesis Assay for Evaluation of Influence of an Antimicrobial on the Synthesis of Macromolecules
    Authors:  Justyna Nowakowska, Nina Khanna and Regine Landmann, date: 06/20/2013, view: 7902, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] One of the most compelling approaches in the discovery of novel antimicrobials is screening of natural sources. In our publication we report on the activity of a compound 8-hydroxyserrulat-14-en-19-oic acid (EN4), a diterpene isolated from the Australian plant Eremophila neglecta. We evaluate its applicability for treatment of ...



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