Mammalia

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    Protocols in Current Issue
    Quantification of the Surface Expression of G Protein-coupled Receptors Using Intact Live-cell Radioligand Binding Assays
    Authors:  Xin Xu and Guangyu Wu, date: 09/20/2020, view: 153, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are the most structurally diverse family of signaling proteins and regulate a variety of cell function. For most GPCRs, the cell surface is their functional destination where they are able to respond a wide range of extracellular stimuli, leading to the activation of intracellular signal transduction cascades. ...
    Karyopherin-β2 Inhibits and Reverses Aggregation and Liquid-liquid Phase Separation of the ALS/FTD-Associated Protein FUS
    Authors:  Emma Robinson, James Shorter and Lin Guo, date: 08/20/2020, view: 785, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The study of RNA-binding proteins (RBP) offers insight into the mechanisms of pathologic protein aggregation in neurodegenerative diseases. We developed a protocol for purifying an RBP FUS and a nuclear import receptor (NIR) Kapβ2 and testing the ability of Kapβ2 to mitigate FUS aggregation and liquid-liquid phase separation.
    In-vitro GLP-1 Release Assay Using STC-1 Cells
    Authors:  Liu Qi, Tan Shuai, Jia Da, Burstein Ezra and Sifuentes-Dominguez Luis, date: 08/20/2020, view: 605, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Enteroendocrine cells (EECs) are known chemosensors in the gastrointestinal (GI) epithelium. They release a diversity of gut hormones in response to various stimuli. Here, we report an in-vitro assay to measure GLP-1 release from cultured murine EEC’s under fatty acid stimulation.
    Microtubule Seeded-assembly in the Presence of Poorly Nucleating Nucleotide Analogues
    Authors:  Siou Ku, Claire Heichette, Laurence Duchesne and Denis Chrétien, date: 08/20/2020, view: 481, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Microtubule dynamic instability is driven by the hydrolysis of the GTP bound to the β-subunit of the α-β tubulin heterodimer. Nucleotide analogues are commonly used to mimic the different steps of the tubulin GTPase cycle, but most of them are poor microtubule nucleators. Usually, microtubule assembly is seeded by guanylyl-(α, ...
    Mapping mRNA-18S rRNA Contacts Within Translation Initation Complex by Means of Reverse Transcriptase Termination Sites and RNAseq
    Authors:  Irene Díaz-López, René Toribio and Iván Ventoso, date: 08/20/2020, view: 586, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The nucleotides involved in RNA-RNA interaction can be tagged by chemical- or UV-induced crosslinking, and further identified by classical or modern high throughput techniques. The contacts of mRNA with 18S rRNA that occur along the mRNA channel of 40S subunit have been mapped by site-specific UV crosslinking followed by reverse transcriptase ...
    Stopped-flow Light Scattering Analysis of Red Blood Cell Glycerol Permeability
    [Abstract] Stopped-Flow Light Scattering (SFLS) is a method devised to analyze the kinetics of fast chemical reactions that result in a significant change of the average molecular weight and/or in the shape of the reaction substrates. Several modifications of the original stopped-flow system have been made leading to a significant extension of its technical ...
    Buoyant Density Fractionation of Small Extracellular Vesicle Sub-populations Derived from Mammalian Cells
    Authors:  Morayma M. Temoche-Diaz, Matthew J. Shurtleff and Randy Schekman, date: 08/05/2020, view: 643, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) encompass a variety of distinct vesicles that are secreted to the extracellular space. Many methodologies currently used for EV isolation (e.g., differential ultracentrifugation concluding in a high-speed pellet, precipitation by macromolecular crowding agents or size excusion chromatography–SEC) do not ...
    Measuring Intracellular Vesicle Density and Dispersion Using Fluorescence Microscopy and ImageJ/FIJI
    [Abstract] Cell signalling, cell secretion, and plasma membrane repair are processes that critically rely on intracellular vesicles, important components of the endocytic and secretory pathways. More specifically, the strategic distribution of intracellular vesicles is important for diverse cellular processes. The method presented here is a simple, ...
    Immunofluorescent Staining of Claudin-2 in Cultured Kidney Tubular Cells
    Authors:  Shaista Anwer and Katalin Szaszi, date: 07/20/2020, view: 493, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Members of the claudin family of tight junction proteins regulate paracellular permeability and modulate cell signaling. During junction remodeling, these proteins are selectively inserted into or retrieved from the tight junctions, but the control and coordination of these processes remain incompletely understood. Visualization of claudins allows ...
    Protocol for Peptide Synthesis on Spectrally Encoded Beads for MRBLE-pep Assays
    Authors:  Jamin B. Hein, Huy Q. Nguyen, Martha Cyert and Polly M. Fordyce, date: 07/05/2020, view: 974, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Every living cell relies on signal transduction pathways comprised of protein-protein interactions (PPIs). In many cases, these PPIs are between a folded protein domain and a short linear motif (SLiM) within an unstructured region of a protein. As a result of this small interaction interface (3-10 amino acids), the affinities of SLiM-mediated ...



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