Fungi

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    Protocols in Current Issue
    Model of Chemotherapy-associated Mucositis and Oral Opportunistic Infections
    Authors:  Takanori Sobue, Martinna Bertolini, Angela Thompson and Anna Dongari-Bagtzoglou, date: 11/05/2019, view: 104, Q&A: 0
    Oral mucositis is a common complication of cancer chemotherapy treatment. Because of the lack of relevant oral mucositis experimental models, it is not clear how chemotherapeutic agents injure the oral mucosa and if commensal microorganisms ...
    Model of Chemotherapy-associated Mucositis and Oral Opportunistic Infections
    Authors:  Takanori Sobue, Martinna Bertolini, Angela Thompson and Anna Dongari-Bagtzoglou, date: 11/05/2019, view: 104, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Oral mucositis is a common complication of cancer chemotherapy treatment. Because of the lack of relevant oral mucositis experimental models, it is not clear how chemotherapeutic agents injure the oral mucosa and if commensal microorganisms accelerate tissue damage. We developed an organotypic oral mucosa model that mimics cellular responses ...
    Analyzing the Functionality of Non-native Hsp70 Proteins in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
    Authors:  Laura E. Knighton, Lizbeth P. Saa, Adam M. Reitzel and Andrew W. Truman, date: 10/05/2019, view: 219, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Yeast are an ideal system to study Heat Shock Protein 70 (Hsp70) function in a cellular context. This protocol was generated to analyze the function of non-native Hsp70 proteins by expressing them as the sole cytosolic Hsp70 in yeast. As an initial step, Hsp70 variants (such as Ssa1 point mutants and non-yeast versions such as Nematostella ...
    Yeast Single-cell RNA-seq, Cell by Cell and Step by Step
    [Abstract] Single-cell RNA-seq (scRNA-seq) has become an established method for uncovering the intrinsic complexity within populations. Even within seemingly homogenous populations of isogenic yeast cells, there is a high degree of heterogeneity that originates from a compact and pervasively transcribed genome. Research with microorganisms such as yeast ...
    High Resolution Respirometry in Candida albicans
    Authors:  Lucian Duvenage, Carol A. Munro and Campbell W. Gourlay, date: 09/05/2019, view: 442, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Many Candida species, such as the opportunistic human pathogen Candida albicans, are Crabtree-Negative yeasts and are therefore highly dependent on the energy generated through oxidative phosphorylation. Respiration control is linked to a range of aspects of C. albicans cell physiology that appear to be important for ...
    Development of an Efficient Transformation System for Halotolerant Yeast Debaryomyces hansenii CBS767
    Authors:  Anu P. Minhas and Dipanwita Biswas, date: 09/05/2019, view: 292, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Debaryomyces hansenii is one of the most osmotolerant and halotolerant yeasts. Further, its association with traditional cheese and meat products imparting special flavors to these products project this yeast with enormous biotechnological potential in the agrofood sector. However, lack of an efficient transformation system in D. hansenii ...
    Non-invasive Quantification of Cell Wall Porosity by Fluorescence Quenching Microscopy
    Authors:  Xiaohui Liu, Thomas Günther Pomorski and Johannes Liesche, date: 08/20/2019, view: 417, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] All bacteria, fungi and plant cells are surrounded by a cell wall. This complex network of polysaccharides and glycoproteins provides mechanical support, defines cell shape, controls cell growth and influences the exchange of substances between the cell and its surroundings. Despite its name, the cell wall is a flexible, dynamic structure. ...
    Visualizing Hypoxia in a Murine Model of Candida albicans Infection Using in vivo Biofluorencence
    Authors:  José Pedro Lopes and Constantin F. Urban, date: 08/05/2019, view: 595, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Candida albicans is a leading human fungal pathogen that uses several metabolic adaptations to escape immune cells and causes systemic disease. Here, we describe a protocol for measuring one of these adaptations, the ability to thrive in hypoxic niches. Hypoxia was generated after successful subdermal infection with C. albicans ...
    QUEEN-based Spatiotemporal ATP Imaging in Budding and Fission Yeast
    Author:  Masak Takaine, date: 08/05/2019, view: 600, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Yeasts have provided an exceptional model for studying metabolism and bioenergetics in eukaryotic cells. Among numerous metabolites, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a major metabolite that is essential for all living organisms. Therefore, a clearer understanding of ATP dynamics in living yeast cells is important for deciphering cellular energy ...
    Endocytosis Detection in Magnaporthe oryzae
    Authors:  Muxing Liu and Zhengguang Zhang, date: 08/05/2019, view: 473, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Endocytosis is an intracellular trafficking pathway that occurs in nutrient uptake, signal transduction and reconstruction of cell polarity and is conserved in eukaryotic cells. In fungi, endocytosis plays crucial roles in the physiology of hyphal growth and pathogenicity. vidence for endocytosis in filamentous fungi is detected by the ...
    Quantification of Blumenol Derivatives as Leaf Biomarkers for Plant-AMF Association
    Authors:  Elisabeth Mindt, Ming Wang, Martin Schäfer, Rayko Halitschke and Ian T. Baldwin, date: 07/20/2019, view: 1004, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Symbiotic interactions between arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and plants are widespread among land plants and can be beneficial for both partners. The plant is provided with mineral nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorous, whereas it provides carbon resources for the fungus in return. Due to the large economic and environmental impact, ...



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