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    A Method for SUMO Modification of Proteins in vitro
    Authors:  Christine C. Lee, Bing Li, Hongtao Yu and Michael J. Matunis, date: 10/05/2018, view: 165, Q&A: 0
    The Small Ubiquitin-related Modifier (SUMO) is a protein that is post-translationally added to and reversibly removed from other proteins in eukaryotic cells. SUMO and enzymes of the SUMO pathway are well conserved from yeast to humans and SUMO ...
    CRISPR/Cas9-mediated ssDNA Recombineering in Corynebacterium glutamicum
    Authors:  Jiao Liu, Yu Wang, Ping Zheng and Jibin Sun, date: 10/05/2018, view: 73, Q&A: 0
    Corynebacterium glutamicum is a versatile workhorse for industrial bioproduction of many kinds of chemicals and fuels, notably amino acids. Development of advanced genetic engineering tools is urgently demanded for systems metabolic ...
    A Method for SUMO Modification of Proteins in vitro
    Authors:  Christine C. Lee, Bing Li, Hongtao Yu and Michael J. Matunis, date: 10/05/2018, view: 165, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The Small Ubiquitin-related Modifier (SUMO) is a protein that is post-translationally added to and reversibly removed from other proteins in eukaryotic cells. SUMO and enzymes of the SUMO pathway are well conserved from yeast to humans and SUMO modification regulates a variety of essential cellular processes including transcription, chromatin ...
    CRISPR/Cas9-mediated ssDNA Recombineering in Corynebacterium glutamicum
    Authors:  Jiao Liu, Yu Wang, Ping Zheng and Jibin Sun, date: 10/05/2018, view: 73, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Corynebacterium glutamicum is a versatile workhorse for industrial bioproduction of many kinds of chemicals and fuels, notably amino acids. Development of advanced genetic engineering tools is urgently demanded for systems metabolic engineering of C. glutamicum. Recently unveiled clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic ...
    Platelet Migration and Bacterial Trapping Assay under Flow
    Authors:  Shuxia Fan, Michael Lorenz, Steffen Massberg and Florian Gaertner, date: 09/20/2018, view: 296, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Blood platelets are critical for hemostasis and thrombosis, but also play diverse roles during immune responses. We have recently reported that platelets migrate at sites of infection in vitro and in vivo. Importantly, platelets use their ability to migrate to collect and bundle fibrin (ogen)-bound bacteria accomplishing ...
    Extraction and Quantification of Polyphosphate (polyP) from Gram-negative Bacteria
    Authors:  Jan-Ulrik Dahl, Lihan Xie and Ursula Jakob, date: 09/20/2018, view: 220, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Polyphosphate (polyP), a universally conserved biomolecule, is composed of up to 1,000 phosphate monomers linked via phosphoanhydride bonds. Reaching levels in bacteria that are in the high nmoles per mg protein range, polyP plays important roles in biofilm formation and colonization, general stress protection and virulence. Various protocols for ...
    High-throughput Microscopic Analysis of Salmonella Invasion of Host Cells
    Authors:  Jakub Voznica, Jost Enninga and Virginie Stévenin, date: 09/20/2018, view: 210, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Salmonella is a Gram-negative bacterium causing a gastro-enteric disease called salmonellosis. During the first phase of infection, Salmonella uses its flagella to swim near the surface of the epithelial cells and to target specific site of infection. In order to study the selection criteria that determine which host cells are ...
    In planta Transcriptome Analysis of Pseudomonas syringae
    Authors:  Tatsuya Nobori and Kenichi Tsuda, date: 09/05/2018, view: 832, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Profiling bacterial transcriptome in planta is challenging due to the low abundance of bacterial RNA in infected plant tissues. Here, we describe a protocol to profile transcriptome of a foliar bacterial pathogen, Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000, in the leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana at an early stage of ...
    Soluble and Solid Iron Reduction Assays with Desulfitobacterium hafniense
    Authors:  Lucrezia Comensoli, Julien Maillard, Wafa M. Kooli, Pilar Junier and Edith Joseph, date: 09/05/2018, view: 190, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] There is a pressing need to develop sustainable and efficient methods to protect and stabilize iron objects. To develop a conservation-restoration method for corroded iron objects, this bio-protocol presents the steps to investigate reductive dissolution of ferric iron and biogenic production of stabilizing ferrous iron minerals in the strict ...
    Microfluidics-Based Analysis of Contact-dependent Bacterial Interactions
    Authors:  Robert Cooper, Lev Tsimring and Jeff Hasty, date: 08/20/2018, view: 507, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Bacteria in nature live in complex communities with multiple cell types and spatially-dependent interactions. Studying cells in well-mixed environments such as shaking culture tubes or flasks cannot capture these spatial dynamics, but cells growing in full-fledged biofilms are difficult to observe in real time. We present here a protocol for ...
    Modifying Styrene-maleic Acid Co-polymer for Studying Lipid Nanodiscs by Direct Fluorescent Labeling
    Authors:  Victoria Schmidt and James N. Sturgis, date: 08/20/2018, view: 393, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] This protocol was developed to functionalize styrene maleic acid (SMA) by direct fluorescent labeling in an easy way, accessible to biochemistry laboratories. This novel method is based on the coupling of carboxylic acids to primary amines using a carbodiimide, a reaction commonly used for protein chemistry. The procedure uses the hydrolyzed ...
    Assessment of Caenorhabditis elegans Competitive Fitness in the Presence of a Bacterial Parasite
    Authors:  McKenna. J. Penley and Levi T. Morran, date: 08/20/2018, view: 362, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Accurate measurements of an organism’s fitness are crucial for measuring evolutionary change. Methods of fitness measurement are most accurate when incorporating an individual’s survival and fecundity, as well as accounting for any ecological interactions or environmental effects experienced by the organism. Here, we describe a protocol for ...