Immunology

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    Protocols in Current Issue
    Neutrophil Extracellular Trap Killing Assay of Candida albicans
    Authors:  Sheng-Yang Wu and Betty A. Wu-Hsieh, date: 08/20/2020, view: 867, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Fungal pathogen Candida albicans is one of the top leading causes of overall healthcare-associated bloodstream infections worldwide. Neutrophil is the major effector cell to clear C. albicans infection. Our study showed that mouse neutrophils utilize two independent mechanisms to kill C. albicans: one is CR3 downstream ...
    In vitro Demonstration and Quantification of Neutrophil Extracellular Trap Formation
    Authors:  Dongsheng Jiang, Mona Saffarzadeh and Karin Scharffetter-Kochanek, date: 07/05/2017, view: 10222, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] In the recent decade, neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) have been identified and confirmed as a new anti-microbial weapon of neutrophils. In this protocol, we describe easy methods to demonstrate NET formation by immunofluorescence staining of extracellular chromatin fiber with anti-DNA/Histone H1 antibody and quantification of NETs by using a ...
    Estimation of Wound Tissue Neutrophil and Macrophage Accumulation by Measuring Myeloperoxidase (MPO) and N-Acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) Activities
    [Abstract] The inflammatory response is essential to the reestablishment of cutaneous homeostasis following injury. In this context, leukocytes arrive at the wound site and orchestrate essential events in the wound healing process. Therefore, the quantification of specific subsets of inflammatory cells in the wound tissue is of considerable interest. The ...
    Visualization of ex vivo Neutrophil Extracellular Traps by Fluorescence Microscopy
    [Abstract] Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are extracellular DNAs decorated with nuclear and granular proteins such as histones, neutrophil elastase or myeloperoxidase. They exhibit fibrous mesh-like, web-like, or string-like structures. Here, we describe our protocol regarding visualization of ex vivo NETs released from neutrophils activated ...
    Quantification of ex vivo Neutrophil Extracellular Traps
    [Abstract] Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are fibrous mesh-like, web-like, or string-like structures which are composed of DNA, histones, and granule proteins such as neutrophil elastase or myeloperoxidase. When activated by phorbol myristate acetate, interleukin-8, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and various pathogens, neutrophils release NETs. We reported ...



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