Neuroscience

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    Protocols in Current Issue
    The Discrete Paired-trial Variable-delay T-maze Task to Assess Working Memory in Mice
    Authors:  Gian Marco Leggio, Sebastiano Alfio Torrisi and Francesco Papaleo, date: 07/05/2020, view: 284, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Working memory abnormalities involving the prefrontal cortex (PFC) dramatically contribute to poor functional outcomes in patients with schizophrenia and still represent an unmet therapeutic need. Studies in rodents might provide essential tools to understand the mechanisms underlying PFC-dependent working memory dysfunctions, as well as precious ...
    Enriched Environment Procedures for Rodents: Creating a Standardized Protocol for Diverse Enrichment to Improve Consistency across Research Studies
    Authors:  Bruce C. Harland and John C. Dalrymple-Alford, date: 06/05/2020, view: 382, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Exposure to environmental enrichment has beneficial effects on learning and memory, diverse neurobiological effects, and promotes recovery of function after brain injury. The effect of enrichment is produced by a combination of increased social interaction, physical activity, spatial complexity, and novelty. Procedures in the literature have, ...
    Generation, Analyzing and in-vivo Drug Treatment of Drosophila Models with IBMPFD
    Authors:  Ting Zhang, Bruce A. Hay and Ming Guo, date: 05/20/2020, view: 547, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Missense mutations of p97/cdc48/Valosin-containing protein (VCP) cause inclusion body myopathy, Paget disease with frontotemporal dementia (IBMPFD) and other neurodegenerative diseases. The pathological mechanism of IBMPFD is not clear and there is no treatment. We generated Drosophila models of IBMPFD in adult flight muscle in ...
    Minimally Invasive Oral Surgery Induction of the FRICT-ION Chronic Neuropathic Pain Model
    Authors:  Marena A. Montera and Karin N. Westlund, date: 04/20/2020, view: 589, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] An easily induced preclinical trigeminal neuropathic nerve injury model is described here for the study of chronic pain, the model acronym FRICT-ION (Foramen Rotundum Inflammatory Constriction Trigeminal InfraOrbital Nerve). In patients, neuropathic pain is thought to be related to ...
    A Simple and Fast Battery Test for Phenotypic Characterization of Mice
    [Abstract] Despite the great number of test batteries already known to assess the behavior of genetically modified and inbred strains of mice, only a few of them focus on basic neurological parameters. The purpose of the battery test proposed is to settle a specific methodology to characterize the phenotype of neurological disease models in mutant or ...
    Optic Nerve Crush in Mice to Study Retinal Ganglion Cell Survival and Regeneration
    [Abstract] In diseases such as glaucoma, the failure of retinal ganglion cell (RGC) neurons to survive or regenerate their optic nerve axons underlies partial and, in some cases, complete vision loss. Optic nerve crush (ONC) serves as a useful model not only of traumatic optic neuropathy but also of glaucomatous injury, as it similarly induces RGC cell death ...
    Hippocampal Unicellular Recordings and Hippocampal-dependent Innate Behaviors in an Adolescent Mouse Model of Alzheimer’s disease
    [Abstract] Transgenic mice have been used to make valuable contributions to the field of neuroscience and model neurological diseases. The simultaneous functional analysis of hippocampal cell activity combined with hippocampal dependent innate task evaluations provides a reliable experimental approach to detect fine changes during early phases of ...
    Induction of Temporal Lobe Epilepsy in Mice with Pilocarpine
    Authors:  Muhammad Nauman Arshad and Janice R Naegele, date: 02/20/2020, view: 1008, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] In the pilocarpine model of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) in rodents, systemic injections of pilocarpine induce continuous, prolonged limbic seizures, a condition termed “Status Epilepticus” (SE). With appropriate doses, many inbred strains of mice show behavioral seizures within an hour after pilocarpine is injected. With the behavioral scoring ...
    A Single Test to Study Social Behavior and Repetitive Self-grooming in Mice
    Authors:  Niraj V. Lawande, Ammar L. Ujjainwala and Catherine A. Christian, date: 01/20/2020, view: 891, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The ability to recognize and interact with members of the same species is essential for social communication. Investigating the neural substrates of social interest and recognition may offer insights into the behavioral differences present in disorders affecting social behavior. Assays used to study social interest in rodents include the 3-chamber ...
    The Mouse Gambling Task: Assessing Individual Decision-making Strategies in Mice
    Authors:  Elsa Pittaras, Arnaud Rabat and Sylvie Granon, date: 01/05/2020, view: 1184, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Decision-making is a complex cognitive process which consists of choosing one option among several alternatives. In humans, this process is featured in the Iowa gambling task (IGT), a decision-making task that mimics real life situations by reproducing uncertain conditions based on probabilistic rewards or penalties (see Background). Several ...



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