Microbiology

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    Protocols in Current Issue
    An Improved Bioassay to Study Arabidopsis Induced Systemic Resistance (ISR) Against Bacterial Pathogens and Insect Pests
    Authors:  Nicolás M. Cecchini, Yi Song, Suruchi Roychoudhry, Jean T. Greenberg and Cara H. Haney, date: 05/20/2019, view: 516, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The plant immune system is essential for plants to perceive and defend against bacterial, fungal and insect pests and pathogens. Induced systemic resistance (ISR) is a systemic immune response that occurs upon root colonization by beneficial microbes. A well-studied model for ISR is the association of specific beneficial strains of Pseudomonas ...
    Analysis of Indole-3-acetic Acid (IAA) Production in Klebsiella by LC-MS/MS and the Salkowski Method
    Authors:  Shraddha Gang, Sheetal Sharma, Meenu Saraf, Martin Buck and Jörg Schumacher, date: 05/05/2019, view: 303, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Many rhizobacteria isolated from plant rhizosphere produce various phytohormones in the form of secondary metabolites, the most common of which is Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA). Here, we detail analytical protocols of IAA detection and quantification, in vitro and in situ, as recently applied to Klebsiella SGM 81, a ...
    In situ, Cell-free Protein Expression on Microarrays and Their Use for the Detection of Immune Responses
    [Abstract] Until recently, whole-proteome microarrays for comprehensive studies of protein interactions were mostly produced by individual cloning and cellular expression of very many open reading frames, followed by protein isolation and purification as well as array production. To overcome this cumbersome process, we have developed a method to generate ...
    An Innovative Approach to Study Ralstonia solanacearum Pathogenicity in 6 to 7 Days Old Tomato Seedlings by Root Dip Inoculation
    Authors:  Niraj Singh, Rahul Kumar and Suvendra Kumar Ray, date: 11/05/2018, view: 1224, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Ralstonia solanacearum (F1C1) is a Gram-negative plant pathogenic bacterium that causes lethal wilt disease in a wide range of plant species. This pathogen is very well known for its unpredictable behavior during infection and wilting its host. Because of its mysterious infection behavior, virulence and pathogenicity standardization are ...
    Platelet Migration and Bacterial Trapping Assay under Flow
    Authors:  Shuxia Fan, Michael Lorenz, Steffen Massberg and Florian Gaertner, date: 09/20/2018, view: 1360, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Blood platelets are critical for hemostasis and thrombosis, but also play diverse roles during immune responses. We have recently reported that platelets migrate at sites of infection in vitro and in vivo. Importantly, platelets use their ability to migrate to collect and bundle fibrin (ogen)-bound bacteria accomplishing ...
    Plant Assays for Quantifying Ralstonia solanacearum Virulence
    Authors:  Devanshi Khokhani, Tuan Minh Tran , Tiffany M. Lowe-Power and Caitilyn Allen, date: 09/20/2018, view: 1482, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Virulence assays are powerful tools to study microbial pathogenesis in vivo. Good assays track disease development and, coupled with targeted mutagenesis, can identify pathogen virulence factors. Disease development in plants is extremely sensitive to environmental factors such as temperature, atmospheric humidity, and soil water level, ...
    In planta Transcriptome Analysis of Pseudomonas syringae
    Authors:  Tatsuya Nobori and Kenichi Tsuda, date: 09/05/2018, view: 2131, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Profiling bacterial transcriptome in planta is challenging due to the low abundance of bacterial RNA in infected plant tissues. Here, we describe a protocol to profile transcriptome of a foliar bacterial pathogen, Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000, in the leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana at an early stage of ...
    Assessment of Caenorhabditis elegans Competitive Fitness in the Presence of a Bacterial Parasite
    Authors:  McKenna. J. Penley and Levi T. Morran, date: 08/20/2018, view: 1361, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Accurate measurements of an organism’s fitness are crucial for measuring evolutionary change. Methods of fitness measurement are most accurate when incorporating an individual’s survival and fecundity, as well as accounting for any ecological interactions or environmental effects experienced by the organism. Here, we describe a protocol for ...
    Quantification of Bacterial Twitching Motility in Dense Colonies Using Transmitted Light Microscopy and Computational Image Analysis
    Authors:  Benjamin Smith, Jianfang Li, Matteo Metruccio, Stephanie Wan, David Evans and Suzanne Fleiszig, date: 04/20/2018, view: 1890, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] A method was developed to allow the quantification and mapping of relative bacterial twitching motility in dense samples, where tracking of individual bacteria was not feasible. In this approach, movies of bacterial films were acquired using differential interference contrast microscopy (DIC), and bacterial motility was then indirectly quantified ...
    Isolation of Commensal Escherichia coli Strains from Feces of Healthy Laboratory Mice or Rats
    Authors:  Tingting Ju and Benjamin P. Willing, date: 03/20/2018, view: 2622, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The colonization abundance of commensal E. coli in the gastrointestinal tract of healthy laboratory mice and rats ranges from 104 to 106 CFU/g feces. Although very well characterized, the family that E. coli belongs to has a very homogeneous 16S rRNA gene sequence, making the identification from 16S rRNA ...



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