Molecular Biology

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    Protocols in Current Issue
    Super-resolution Microscopy-based Bimolecular Fluorescence Complementation to Study Protein Complex Assembly and Co-localization
    Authors:  Jingjing Chen, Zulin Yu, Jay R. Unruh, Brian D. Slaughter and Sue L. Jaspersen, date: 02/20/2020, view: 246, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Numerous experimental approaches exist to study interactions between two subunits of a large macromolecular complex. However, most methods do not provide spatial and temporal information about binding, which are critical for dissecting the mechanism of assembly of nanosized complexes in vivo. While recent advances in super-resolution ...
    Estimating Cellular Abundances of Halo-tagged Proteins in Live Mammalian Cells by Flow Cytometry
    Authors:  Claudia Cattoglio, Xavier Darzacq, Robert Tjian and Anders Sejr Hansen, date: 02/20/2020, view: 326, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Accurate abundance measurements of cellular proteins are required to achieve a quantitative and predictive understanding of any biological process inside the cell. Existing methods to determine absolute protein abundances are labor-intensive and/or require sophisticated experimental and computational infrastructure (e.g., fluorescence ...
    Assessing Self-interaction of Mammalian Nuclear Proteins by Co-immunoprecipitation
    Authors:  Claudia Cattoglio, Iryna Pustova, Xavier Darzacq, Robert Tjian and Anders S. Hansen, date: 02/20/2020, view: 299, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Protein-protein interactions constitute the molecular foundations of virtually all biological processes. Co-immunoprecipitation (CoIP) experiments are probably the most widely used method to probe both heterotypic and homotypic protein-protein interactions. Recent advances in super-resolution microscopy have revealed that several nuclear proteins ...
    Surface Plasmon Resonance Analysis of the Protein-protein Binding Specificity Using Autolab ESPIRIT
    Authors:  Pragyan Parimita Rath, Gaurav Anand and Shalini Agarwal, date: 02/20/2020, view: 124, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Direct protein-protein interactions are known to regulate a wide range of cellular activities. To understand these contacts one can employ various experimental methods like Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS), Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET), Isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), Chemical crosslinking, Co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP), ...
    A Radioactive-free Kinase Inhibitor Discovery Assay Against the Trypanosoma brucei Glycogen Synthase Kinase-3 short (TbGSK-3s)
    Authors:  Antonia Efstathiou and Despina Smirlis, date: 01/20/2020, view: 183, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The identification of small molecules possessing inhibitory activity in vitro, against a given target kinase, is the first step in the drug discovery process. Herein, we describe a non radioactive protocol using luciferase-based ATP assay for the identification of inhibitors for the short isoform of the Trypanosoma brucei’s ...
    A Yeast Chromatin-enriched Fractions Purification Approach, yChEFs, from Saccharomyces cerevisiae
    [Abstract] We have adapted a previous procedure and improved an approach that we named yChEFs (yeast Chromatin Enriched Fractions) for purifying chromatin fractions. This methodology allows the easy, reproducible and scalable recovery of proteins associated with chromatin. By using yChEFs, we bypass subcellular fractionation requirements involved when using ...
    Semi-quantitative Determination of Protein Expression Using Immunohistochemistry Staining and Analysis: An Integrated Protocol
    Authors:  Alexandra R Crowe and Wei Yue, date: 12/20/2019, view: 908, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Semi-quantitative IHC is a powerful method for investigating protein expression and localization within tissues. The semi-quantitative immunohistochemistry (IHC) involves using software such as free software ImageJ Fiji to conduct deconvolution and downstream analysis. Currently, there is lack of an integrated protocol that includes a detailed ...
    SarkoSpin: A Technique for Biochemical Isolation and Characterization of Pathological TDP-43 Aggregates
    Authors:  Manuela Pérez-Berlanga, Florent Laferrière and Magdalini Polymenidou, date: 11/20/2019, view: 941, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] TDP-43 is the main aggregating protein in neurodegenerative diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). Aggregated TDP-43 is resistant to diverse detergent solubilization, yet physiological TDP-43 and other abundant proteins commonly co-purify with pathological TDP-43. This mixed isolation has ...
    ELISA Based Protein Ubiquitylation Measurement
    Authors:  Yuka Kamada, Ryosuke Fukuda and Tsukasa Okiyoneda, date: 11/20/2019, view: 674, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Ubiquitylation is a common post-translational modification of cellular proteins that results in proteasomal and lysosomal degradations. Ubiquitylation is generally measured by methods such as immunoblotting using anti-ubiquitin antibodies after isolating the protein-of-interest by denaturing immunoprecipitation. The following protocol can be used ...
    Using Imaging Flow Cytometry to Characterize Extracellular Vesicles Isolated from Cell Culture Media, Plasma or Urine
    Authors:  John R. Woollard, Amrutesh Puranik, Kyra L. Jordan and Lilach O. Lerman, date: 11/05/2019, view: 649, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The ability to non-invasively detect specific damage to the kidney has been limited. Identification of extracellular vesicles released by cells, especially when under duress, might allow for monitoring and identification of specific cell types within the kidney that are stressed. We have adapted a previously published traditional flow cytometry ...



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