Molecular Biology


    Protocols in Current Issue
    Bacterial Microcolonies in Gel Beads for High-throughput Screening
    Author:  Yolanda Schaerli, date: 07/05/2018, view: 751, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] High-throughput screening of a DNA library expressed in a bacterial population for identifying potentially rare members displaying a property of interest is a crucial step for success in many experiments such as directed evolution of proteins and synthetic circuits and deep mutational scanning to identify gain- or loss-of-function mutants.
    An Optimized CTAB Method for Genomic DNA Extraction from Freshly-picked Pinnae of Fern, Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
    Authors:  Yi Shu, Jin Wan-Ting, Yuan Ya-Ning and Fang Yu-Han, date: 07/05/2018, view: 151, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] As the sister clade of seed plants, ferns are significant materials for plant phylogeny research. However, the genomic DNA extraction protocol for fern samples like modified CTAB method still lacks robustness. Here, we found that the amount and condition of the pinnae samples are critical for gDNA extraction in fern, Adiantum capillus-veneris ...
    Induction of Natural Competence in Genetically-modified Lactococcus lactis
    Authors:  Joyce Mulder, Michiel Wels, Oscar P. Kuipers, Michiel Kleerebezem and Peter A. Bron, date: 07/05/2018, view: 89, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Natural competence can be activated in Lactoccocus lactis subsp lactis and cremoris upon overexpression of ComX, a master regulator of bacterial competence. Herein, we demonstrate a method to activate bacterial competence by regulating the expression of the comX gene by using a nisin-inducible promoter in an L. ...
    ChIP-seq Experiment and Data Analysis in the Cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803
    Authors:  Joaquín Giner-Lamia, Miguel A. Hernández-Prieto and Matthias E. Futschik, date: 06/20/2018, view: 324, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Nitrogen is an essential nutrient for all living organisms. In cyanobacteria, a group of oxygenic photosynthetic bacteria, nitrogen homeostasis is maintained by an intricate regulatory network around the transcription factor NtcA. Although mechanisms controlling NtcA activity appear to be well understood, the sets of genes under its control (i.e. ...
    Method for CRISPR/Cas9 Mutagenesis in Candida albicans
    Authors:  Neta Dean and Henry Ng, date: 04/20/2018, view: 979, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Candida albicans is the most prevalent and important human fungal pathogen. The advent of CRISPR as a means of gene editing has greatly facilitated genetic analysis in C. albicans. Here, we describe a detailed step-by-step procedure to construct and analyze C. albicans deletion mutants. This protocol uses plasmids that ...
    Generating Loss-of-function iPSC Lines with Combined CRISPR Indel Formation and Reprogramming from Human Fibroblasts
    Authors:  Andrew M. Tidball, Preethi Swaminathan, Louis T. Dang and Jack M. Parent, date: 04/05/2018, view: 1140, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] For both disease and basic science research, loss-of-function (LOF) mutations are vitally important. Herein, we provide a simple stream-lined protocol for generating LOF iPSC lines that circumvents the technical challenges of traditional gene-editing and cloning of established iPSC lines by combining the introduction of the CRISPR vector ...
    Single-step Precision Genome Editing in Yeast Using CRISPR-Cas9
    [Abstract] Genome modification in budding yeast has been extremely successful largely due to its highly efficient homology-directed DNA repair machinery. Several methods for modifying the yeast genome have previously been described, many of them involving at least two-steps: insertion of a selectable marker and substitution of that marker for the intended ...
    Design of Hybrid RNA Polymerase III Promoters for Efficient CRISPR-Cas9 Function
    Authors:  Joshua Misa, Cory Schwartz and Ian Wheeldon, date: 03/20/2018, view: 770, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The discovery of the CRISPR-Cas9 system from Streptococcus pyogenes has allowed the development of genome engineering tools in a variety of organisms. A frequent limitation in CRISPR-Cas9 function is adequate expression levels of sgRNA. This protocol provides a strategy to construct hybrid RNA polymerase III (Pol III) promoters that ...
    Reduced Representation Bisulfite Sequencing in Maize
    Authors:  Fei-Man Hsu, Chung-Ju Rachel Wang and Pao-Yang Chen, date: 03/20/2018, view: 758, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] DNA methylation is an epigenetic modification that regulates plant development (Law and Jacobsen, 2010). Whole genome bisulfite sequencing (WGBS) is a state-of-the-art method for profiling genome-wide methylation patterns with single-base resolution (Cokus et al., 2008). However, for an organism with a large genome, e.g., the 2.1 ...
    Microbial Mutagenicity Assay: Ames Test
    Authors:  Urvashi Vijay, Sonal Gupta, Priyanka Mathur, Prashanth Suravajhala and Pradeep Bhatnagar, date: 03/20/2018, view: 1635, Q&A: 2
    [Abstract] The Microbial mutagenicity Ames test is a bacterial bioassay accomplished in vitro to evaluate the mutagenicity of various environmental carcinogens and toxins. While Ames test is used to identify the revert mutations which are present in strains, it can also be used to detect the mutagenicity of environmental samples such as drugs, dyes, ...